Tag Archives: evidence based interventions

Provide Choices-Antecedent Based Intervention

What are Antecedent Based Interventions?

As teachers we benefit from learning about Evidence Based Interventions (EBI) for students with autism. All teachers want to learn how to decrease the likelihood of challenging behaviors in the classroom. The only parts of the behavior chain we can influence or change are the antecedent and the consequence. Providing choices is a great Antecedent Based Intervention that teachers can use to prevent challenging behaviors.

 Layman’s definition:  Antecedent Based Intervention

 When we focus on helping students with ASD in schools, we know that changing the classroom environment and how we present information has a big impact on their behavior. Changing the environment, and modifying things before behavior happens can improve behavior in students.

ABI as a preventative interventions to set the student up for success.

  • Providing choices is an example of an Antecedent Based Intervention (ABI).
Children hard working in school were given a choice on what they wanted to do during literacy.

Choices may be more effective than using preferred reinforcers

(Dunlap, et al. 1994)

Where can we provide choices in the school environment?

  • Activities to be completed (math or reading)
  • Materials to complete the task (pencil vs marker)
  • location (table vs desk)
  • Person to help them (teacher or a seat partner)
  • A combination of them all

Forced choice:

One way of providing choices is to give what’s called a “forced choice” by allowing students to have a small number of options that you as the teacher are ok with. Too many choices can become overwhelming for students with ASD. Providing two choices may be appropriate to start with.

Youtube video about ABI and providing choices:

Set Up An Independent Work System At Home For Your Child With Autism

Benefits of independent work systems:  

Independent work systems are evidence-based practice for students with autism, but they are very helpful for any child who needs some structure to be able to work on his or her own.

Most children benefit from structure in their environment

My son who started Kindergarten, now has homework so I set up a structured work system so he has somewhere in the house dedicated to completing his homework.

Special education classrooms use a variation of these work systems and supports to help teach independence and provide structure.

♥ I want to share this technique and show how easy this independent work system is to create and use at home. Even if you don’t work with an autism specialist or have in-home Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapist, this is something you can create with a quick trip to the dollar store and moving around some furniture.

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